Participants were part of the Alpha Omega Cohort. Read more about the AOC population. During a median 6.5y of follow-up, 801 patients died; 342 of those died of CVD.
The Dutch Healthy Nutrient and Food Score (DHNaFS) included 11 nutrient-dense food groups: vegetables, fruit, whole grains, protein-rich plant foods (mostly legumes), potatoes, lean meat, fish, eggs, low-fat milk and yogurt, oils and soft margarines, and noncaloric drinks.
The Dutch Undesirable Nutrient and Food Score (DUNaFS) included 13 food groups that were high in solid fats, sodium, and/or added sugar; processed fruit, high-fat meat, processed meat, full-fat milk, cheese; refined grains, butter and hard margarines, soups, spreads, ready-to-eat meals, savory snacks, sweet snacks, and sugar-sweetened beverages.